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医生说的五年生存率是怎么回事?:2010-10-9 15:07:02

           医学界为了统计癌症病人的存活率,比较各种治疗方法的优缺点,采用大部分患者预后比较明确的情况作为统计指标,这就是医生常说的五年生存率。
        五年生存率系指某种肿瘤经过各种综合治病后,生存五年以上的比例。用五年生存率表达有其一定的科学性。某种肿瘤经过治疗后,有一部分可能出现转移和复发,其中的一部分人可能因肿瘤进入晚期而去世。转移和复发大多发生在根治术后三年之内,约占80%,少部分发生在根治后五年之内,约占10%。所以,各种肿瘤根治术后五年内不复发,再次复发的机会就很少了,故常用五年生存率表示各种癌症的疗效。术后五年之内,一定要巩固治疗,定期检查,防止复发,即使有转移和复发也能及早治疗。另外,也有用三年生存率和十年生存率表示疗效的。

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